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Jul 25

What is normal ranges for blood pressure and explain it ?

Blood pressure

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Jul 25

Blood pressure is the measure of the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries as it circulates through the body. It is typically expressed as two values, systolic pressure and diastolic pressure, measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). The values are recorded in the form of "systolic/diastolic," for example, "120/80 mm Hg." Here's what these values mean and the normal ranges:

1. Systolic Pressure: This is the higher number and represents the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats or contracts, pumping blood into the arteries.

Normal Range: Less than 120 mm Hg

2. Diastolic Pressure: This is the lower number and represents the pressure in your arteries when your heart is resting between beats, filling with blood.

Normal Range: Less than 80 mm Hg

When your blood pressure is measured, you may hear the terms "systolic" and "diastolic." For example, if your blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg, it means your systolic pressure is 120 mm Hg, and your diastolic pressure is 80 mm Hg.


Normal Blood Pressure: A blood pressure reading that falls within the normal range (less than 120/80 mm Hg) indicates that your blood pressure is at a healthy level, and your cardiovascular system is functioning well.

Elevated Blood Pressure: If your blood pressure consistently ranges between 120-129 mm Hg systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic, you may have elevated blood pressure. It's a warning sign that you could develop hypertension if not addressed.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): Hypertension occurs when your blood pressure consistently exceeds 130/80 mm Hg. It's a serious health condition that can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other complications.

Hypotension (Low Blood Pressure): If your blood pressure consistently remains below 90/60 mm Hg, it may be considered low. While low blood pressure can be normal for some individuals, extremely low readings may lead to symptoms like dizziness or fainting and can be a concern if it causes inadequate blood flow to vital organs.

It's essential to monitor your blood pressure regularly, especially if you have a family history of hypertension or other risk factors. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and managing stress, can help promote normal blood pressure levels and overall cardiovascular health. If you have concerns about your blood pressure, consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and guidance.

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