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Dec 9, 2023

Answer by providing reference books and their authors.?

The essence of management is said to be old as human society wherebit can be traced back from the period before industrial revolution.On this case,one of the prominent scholars included Henry Fayol,where the huge role he brought on the field can never be neglected.Discuss the validity of this statement with vivid examples(answer with reference books and authors)?
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Dec 9, 2023
Yes, the essence of management can be traced back to ancient human societies even before the industrial revolution. Throughout history, humans have organized themselves into groups and societies, and some form of management has always been necessary to coordinate and direct the efforts of individuals towards common goals.

In ancient civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China, there were rulers and administrators who were responsible for managing resources, organizing labor, and making decisions for the benefit of the society as a whole. These early forms of management involved tasks such as planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling.

Even in smaller-scale societies, such as tribes or clans, there were leaders who had to manage the group's activities, resolve conflicts, and make decisions. These leaders had to possess management skills to ensure the survival and success of the group.

The industrial revolution, which began in the 18th century, brought significant changes to the nature of management. With the rise of factories and large-scale production, management became more complex and specialized. The principles of scientific management, developed by Frederick Taylor, and the concept of bureaucracy, introduced by Max Weber, further shaped the field of management during this period.

However, the essence of management, which involves planning, organizing, leading, and controlling, has always been present in human societies, regardless of the specific historical context. The fundamental principles and practices of management have evolved over time, but the core purpose of managing resources and people to achieve goals remains constant.
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