The Phelps-Stokes Commission, also known as the Phelps-Stokes Fund, was a philanthropic organization that conducted a study on education in Uganda in the early 20th century. The commission's report, published in 1925, had a significant impact on the education system of Uganda. Here are some key impacts:
1. Expansion of education: The commission's report highlighted the need for expanding education in Uganda, particularly for Africans. It emphasized the importance of providing education to Africans to promote their social and economic development. This led to increased investment in education by the colonial government and missionary organizations, resulting in the establishment of more schools and educational institutions across the country.
2. Focus on vocational education: The Phelps-Stokes Commission emphasized the importance of vocational education to equip Africans with practical skills for employment and self-sufficiency. As a result, vocational training schools were established to provide training in various trades, such as carpentry, agriculture, and tailoring. This helped to address the needs of the local economy and provided opportunities for Africans to gain employment and contribute to the development of their communities.
3. Promotion of African languages and culture: The commission recognized the importance of preserving African languages and culture in the education system. It advocated for the inclusion of African languages in schools and the incorporation of African cultural practices and traditions into the curriculum. This led to the development of educational materials in local languages and the promotion of cultural activities in schools, fostering a sense of pride and identity among African students.
4. Gender disparities: The Phelps-Stokes Commission highlighted the gender disparities in education, with fewer opportunities for girls compared to boys. It called for the expansion of education for girls and the removal of barriers to their access and participation. This led to the establishment of more girls' schools and initiatives to promote gender equality in education.
5. Teacher training: The commission emphasized the need for well-trained teachers to deliver quality education. It recommended the establishment of teacher training colleges to provide professional development for teachers. This led to the establishment of teacher training institutions, which improved the quality of teaching and learning in schools.
Overall, the Phelps-Stokes Commission had a significant impact on the education system of Uganda by advocating for the expansion of education, promoting vocational training, addressing gender disparities, preserving African languages and culture, and improving teacher training. These changes helped to lay the foundation for the development of a more inclusive and quality education system in Uganda.