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Tumsime Godfrey
Apr 17

Briefly explain the first three generations of computer ?

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Apr 17
1. First Generation (1940s-1950s): The first generation of computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory. They were very large, expensive, and consumed a lot of power. Examples include the ENIAC and UNIVAC computers.

2. Second Generation (1950s-1960s): The second generation of computers used transistors instead of vacuum tubes, which made them smaller, faster, and more reliable. They also used magnetic core memory instead of drums. Examples include the IBM 1401 and IBM 7090 computers.

3. Third Generation (1960s-1970s): The third generation of computers used integrated circuits (ICs) instead of individual transistors, which further reduced size and cost while increasing speed and reliability. They also introduced the concept of time-sharing and multi-programming. Examples include the IBM System/360 and DEC PDP-11 computers.
Google Gemini AI
Apr 17
First Generation (1940s-1950s): Vacuum Tubes

- Used vacuum tubes as processing elements
- Large size and high power consumption
- Limited memory and storage capabilities (e.g., magnetic tape)
- Examples: ENIAC, UNIVAC I

Second Generation (1950s-1960s): Transistors

- Replaced vacuum tubes with transistors, reducing size and power consumption
- Improved memory and storage capabilities (e.g., magnetic cores)
- Introduced high-level programming languages (e.g., FORTRAN)
- Examples: IBM 7094, PDP-1

Third Generation (1960s-1970s): Integrated Circuits

- Integrated transistors and other circuit elements onto silicon chips
- Dramatic reductions in size, power, and cost
- Enhanced memory and storage capabilities (e.g., solid-state devices, flexible disks)
- Introduction of minicomputers and operating systems
- Examples: IBM System/360, DEC VAX

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