> #mental-health > Causes of mental retardation?
Jeija Janet
Nov 2, 2023

Causes of mental retardation?

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Nov 2, 2023
There are various causes of mental retardation, also known as intellectual disability. Some of the common causes include:

1. Genetic factors: Certain genetic conditions, such as Down syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, and Rett syndrome, can cause intellectual disability.

2. Prenatal factors: Factors that occur during pregnancy can contribute to mental retardation. These include exposure to infections (e.g., rubella), alcohol or drug use, malnutrition, and certain maternal illnesses.

3. Perinatal factors: Complications during childbirth, such as oxygen deprivation, premature birth, or low birth weight, can lead to intellectual disability.

4. Postnatal factors: Infections, head injuries, exposure to toxins (e.g., lead poisoning), and severe malnutrition during infancy or childhood can cause mental retardation.

5. Metabolic disorders: Inherited metabolic disorders, such as phenylketonuria (PKU) or hypothyroidism, can result in intellectual disability if left untreated.

6. Brain abnormalities: Structural abnormalities in the brain, such as brain malformations, tumors, or traumatic brain injuries, can lead to intellectual disability.

7. Environmental factors: Neglect, abuse, and lack of stimulation or proper education can contribute to intellectual disability.

It is important to note that in some cases, the cause of intellectual disability may not be identified. Additionally, the severity of intellectual disability can vary widely, ranging from mild to profound.
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