> #differences , #classical-management , #similarities , #approach , #resource-management , #management , #behavioral-management > Compare the behavioral management approach to the classical management approach that preceded it. Explain their similarities and differences?
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Dec 7, 2023

Compare the behavioral management approach to the classical management approach that preceded it. Explain their similarities and differences?

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Dec 7, 2023
The behavioral management approach and the classical management approach are two different approaches to management that have evolved over time. While the classical management approach focuses on the structure and efficiency of the organization, the behavioral management approach emphasizes the importance of understanding and managing human behavior within the organization.

Similarities:
1. Both approaches aim to improve organizational effectiveness: Both the classical and behavioral management approaches are concerned with improving the overall performance and effectiveness of the organization.
2. Both approaches focus on achieving organizational goals: Both approaches recognize the importance of setting and achieving organizational goals to ensure success.
3. Both approaches involve management functions: Both approaches involve planning, organizing, leading, and controlling functions of management to achieve desired outcomes.

Differences:
1. Focus: The classical management approach focuses on the structure, processes, and efficiency of the organization, while the behavioral management approach focuses on understanding and managing human behavior within the organization.
2. Human factor: The classical management approach views employees as a means of production and emphasizes strict control and supervision, while the behavioral management approach recognizes the importance of employee motivation, satisfaction, and involvement in decision-making.
3. Communication: The classical management approach relies on top-down communication, where decisions are made at the top and passed down to lower levels, while the behavioral management approach emphasizes two-way communication and encourages employee participation and feedback.
4. Leadership style: The classical management approach promotes autocratic leadership, where decisions are made by managers and employees are expected to follow instructions, while the behavioral management approach encourages participative leadership, where employees are involved in decision-making and have a say in the organization's affairs.
5. Motivation: The classical management approach assumes that employees are primarily motivated by financial rewards and punishments, while the behavioral management approach recognizes the importance of intrinsic motivation, job satisfaction, and the fulfillment of higher-level needs.

In summary, the classical management approach focuses on the structure and efficiency of the organization, while the behavioral management approach emphasizes understanding and managing human behavior within the organization. The classical approach is more autocratic and focused on control, while the behavioral approach is more participative and focused on employee motivation and satisfaction.
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