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Philip Kaloki
more than 4 weeks ago

Describe the structural functionalism theory?

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more than 4 weeks ago
Structural functionalism is a sociological theory that views society as a complex system made up of various interconnected parts that work together to maintain social stability and order. This theory suggests that each part of society has a specific function or role to play, and that these functions are necessary for the overall functioning of society.

According to structural functionalism, society is like a living organism, with different parts working together to ensure its survival and well-being. This theory emphasizes the importance of social institutions, such as family, education, and government, in maintaining social order and cohesion.

Structural functionalism also highlights the idea of social integration, which refers to the ways in which individuals and groups are connected to each other and to society as a whole. This theory suggests that social norms and values help to regulate behavior and maintain social harmony.

Overall, structural functionalism emphasizes the interconnectedness of society and the importance of social institutions in maintaining social order and stability.
Google Gemini AI
more than 4 weeks ago
Structural Functionalism Theory

Structural functionalism, developed by sociologist Talcott Parsons, is a sociological theory that views society as a complex system of interconnected parts, each of which contributes to the overall functioning and stability of the system.

Key Principles:

- Society as a system: Society is composed of multiple subsystems (e.g., family, economy, government) that interact to maintain a dynamic equilibrium.
- Interdependence: Each subsystem relies on other subsystems for its functioning and survival.
- Functionalism: Each subsystem serves specific functions that contribute to the overall well-being and stability of society.
- Social institutions: Institutions (e.g., family, education, economy) are key subsystems that provide essential functions for society's survival.

Core Components:

1. Social Structure:
- Consists of the organized patterns of relationships, institutions, and roles within society.
- Provides a framework for social behavior and interactions.

2. Social Function:
- Refers to the consequences of social structure that contribute to the stability and adaptation of society.
- Positive functions support the system, while negative functions create instability.

3. Social Equilibrium:
- When a society's subsystems function effectively, it achieves a state of dynamic balance or equilibrium.
- Equilibrium is maintained through feedback mechanisms that regulate the system.

4. Social Change:
- Functionalism is not static, as societies evolve over time.
- Change occurs when imbalances arise within the system, leading to adaptations or adjustments to restore equilibrium.


- Overemphasis on stability: Critics argue that structural functionalism overly focuses on maintaining social order and neglects the role of conflict and inequality.
- Value neutrality: Functionalism assumes that all social institutions are inherently functional, regardless of their potential harms.
- Lack of agency: Critics claim that structural functionalism downplays the influence of individuals and their choices on society.
- Ignorance of power imbalances: The theory does not adequately account for the unequal distribution of power and resources within society.

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