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Simon Marweyi
Jan 23

Describe types of supervision in education?

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Jan 23
There are several types of supervision in education, including:

1. Administrative Supervision: This type of supervision is carried out by school administrators, such as principals or department heads. It involves overseeing the overall functioning of the school or department, ensuring that policies and procedures are followed, and providing guidance and support to teachers and staff.

2. Instructional Supervision: Instructional supervision focuses on improving teaching and learning practices. It involves observing and evaluating teachers' instructional methods, providing feedback and guidance, and helping them develop their teaching skills. Instructional supervisors may also assist in curriculum development and implementation.

3. Clinical Supervision: Clinical supervision is a collaborative approach where a more experienced teacher or supervisor works closely with a less experienced teacher. The supervisor observes the teacher's classroom practices, provides feedback, and offers support and guidance to help the teacher improve their instructional techniques.

4. Peer Supervision: Peer supervision involves teachers observing and providing feedback to their colleagues. It is a collaborative and non-evaluative process aimed at professional growth. Teachers can learn from each other's strengths and share ideas, strategies, and resources.

5. Self-Supervision: Self-supervision involves teachers taking responsibility for their own professional growth and development. They reflect on their teaching practices, set goals, seek feedback from colleagues or mentors, and engage in continuous learning activities to improve their teaching skills.

6. External Supervision: External supervision involves individuals or organizations outside the school or district providing supervision and support to teachers. This can include consultants, experts, or professional development providers who offer guidance, training, and resources to enhance teaching practices.

It is important to note that these types of supervision can often overlap or be combined depending on the specific needs and goals of the educational institution.

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