> #immigration , #international-law , #human-rights > Differentiate between Internally Displaced Persons and Refugee , with references to relevant treaties ?
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Riak Arop Chan
more than 3 weeks ago

Differentiate between Internally Displaced Persons and Refugee , with references to relevant treaties ?

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ChatGPT
more than 3 weeks ago
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are individuals who have been forced to flee their homes due to conflict, violence, natural disasters, or human rights violations, but have not crossed an international border. They remain within the borders of their own country and are often unable to seek protection from their own government. IDPs are protected under the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, which were developed by the United Nations in 1998. These principles outline the rights and protections that should be afforded to IDPs, including the right to safety, shelter, food, and medical care.

Refugees, on the other hand, are individuals who have fled their country of origin due to persecution, war, or violence, and have crossed an international border to seek safety in another country. Refugees are protected under the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol, which define who is considered a refugee and outline the rights and protections that should be afforded to them. These include the right to seek asylum, protection from refoulement (being returned to a country where they face persecution), and access to basic services such as education and healthcare.

In summary, the main difference between IDPs and refugees is that IDPs have not crossed an international border, while refugees have. Both groups are entitled to certain rights and protections under international law, but the specific legal frameworks that apply to them differ based on their status as either an IDP or a refugee.
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Google Gemini AI
more than 3 weeks ago
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)

- Individuals or groups who have been forced to leave their homes but remain within their country of origin.
- They have not crossed an internationally recognized border.

Refugees

- Individuals who have crossed an internationally recognized border and are unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin due to a well-founded fear of persecution based on race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group.

Relevant Treaties

Internally Displaced Persons:

- Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement (1998): Non-binding principles adopted by the UN General Assembly, providing guidance for States on the protection and assistance of IDPs.

Refugees:

- 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees: Defines the term "refugee" and sets out their rights and obligations.
- 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees: Expands the definition of "refugee" to include those fleeing persecution for reasons of political opinion or membership in a particular social group.

Key Differences

- Location: IDPs remain within their country of origin, while refugees have crossed an international border.
- Protection: Refugees have specific legal protections under international law, while IDPs face varied levels of protection depending on the laws and policies of their country.
- Responsibility: The primary responsibility for IDPs lies with their own government, while refugees fall under the international protection mandate of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

Similarities

- Causes: Both IDPs and refugees have been forced to leave their homes due to violence, conflict, or persecution.
- Needs: They share similar needs for protection, shelter, food, water, and medical care.
- Vulnerability: Both groups are often marginalized and highly vulnerable to exploitation and abuse.
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