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Derick Makatu
Apr 13

Discuss the causes of protracted civil unrest in post-colonial Nigeria?

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Apr 13
There are several factors that have contributed to the protracted civil unrest in post-colonial Nigeria. Some of the key causes include:

1. Ethnic and religious tensions: Nigeria is a diverse country with over 250 ethnic groups and multiple religions. The competition for resources and power among these groups has often led to conflict and violence. The government's failure to address these tensions and promote national unity has exacerbated the problem.

2. Corruption and mismanagement: Corruption is rampant in Nigeria, with politicians and government officials often embezzling public funds and engaging in nepotism. This has led to widespread poverty and inequality, which in turn fuels resentment and anger among the population.

3. Economic challenges: Nigeria has a large population and a struggling economy, with high levels of unemployment and poverty. The lack of economic opportunities has contributed to social unrest and dissatisfaction with the government.

4. Weak governance and lack of accountability: The Nigerian government has often been criticized for its lack of transparency, accountability, and responsiveness to the needs of its citizens. This has eroded trust in the government and fueled discontent among the population.

5. Militancy and insurgency: Various militant groups, such as Boko Haram in the northeast and the Niger Delta militants in the south, have waged violent campaigns against the government, further destabilizing the country and exacerbating the civil unrest.

6. Historical grievances: The legacy of colonialism and the subsequent struggles for independence have left deep-seated grievances among different ethnic groups in Nigeria. These historical tensions continue to fuel conflict and violence in the country.

Overall, the protracted civil unrest in post-colonial Nigeria is a complex issue with multiple causes that require a comprehensive and inclusive approach to address. Efforts to promote national unity, good governance, economic development, and conflict resolution are essential to resolving the underlying issues and building a more peaceful and stable society.

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