Manifest functions of education are the intended and recognized outcomes or purposes of the education system. These functions are explicitly stated and are often the goals of educational institutions. For example, manifest functions of education include acquiring knowledge and skills, preparing students for future careers, promoting socialization and cultural transmission, and fostering personal development and growth.
On the other hand, latent functions of education are the unintended and often unrecognized outcomes or consequences of the education system. These functions are not explicitly stated and may not be the primary goals of educational institutions. Latent functions can be positive or negative and can vary depending on the individual or societal context. Examples of latent functions of education include social networking and building relationships, developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills, promoting social mobility, reinforcing social inequalities, and maintaining social control.
In summary, manifest functions of education are the intended and recognized outcomes, while latent functions are the unintended and often unrecognized consequences of the education system.