Extrinsic rewards and intrinsic rewards are two different types of motivation and reinforcement. Here's how they can be distinguished:
- Extrinsic Rewards: These rewards come from external sources and are typically tangible or external incentives provided to an individual to encourage or reinforce certain behaviors. They are not inherently related to the activity or task itself but are offered as a means to motivate individuals to engage in specific behaviors. Examples of extrinsic rewards include money, trophies, certificates, promotions, or praise from others.
- Intrinsic Rewards: In contrast, intrinsic rewards are the internal satisfaction and fulfillment that individuals derive from engaging in a particular activity or task. These rewards are inherently connected to the activity itself and are driven by personal enjoyment, curiosity, personal growth, or a sense of accomplishment. Intrinsic rewards can include feelings of joy, satisfaction, pride, or the sense of mastery that comes from completing a challenging task.
Now, let's move on to the four rules for administering extrinsic rewards effectively:
- Contingency: Ensure that the extrinsic reward is clearly contingent upon the desired behavior or performance. Clearly communicate the expectations and criteria that individuals need to meet to earn the reward. This helps establish a clear link between the behavior and the reward, increasing motivation.
- Timing: Provide the extrinsic reward immediately or as soon as possible after the desired behavior or performance has occurred. Delaying the reward can weaken its effectiveness and make it less likely to reinforce the desired behavior effectively.
- Consistency: Be consistent in the administration of extrinsic rewards. Ensure that the reward is given consistently for the desired behavior or performance to maintain its effectiveness. Inconsistency can lead to confusion and reduce motivation.
- Gradual Weaning: Gradually reduce the frequency or magnitude of extrinsic rewards over time. As individuals become more competent or skilled in a particular task, it is important to shift the focus towards intrinsic motivation and internal rewards. Gradual weaning helps individuals develop a long-term intrinsic motivation for the activity rather than relying solely on external rewards.
Remember that while extrinsic rewards can be effective in motivating certain behaviors, it is important to balance them with intrinsic rewards and foster intrinsic motivation to promote sustained engagement and satisfaction.