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Charanjeet Kaur
Jun 19

Do a comparative analysis of biodiversity in simlipal tiger reserve tell their endemic, endangered, extinct species ?

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Jun 19
Simlipal Tiger Reserve, located in the state of Odisha, India, is known for its rich biodiversity. The reserve is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, including several endemic, endangered, and extinct species.

Endemic Species:
1. Simlipal is home to several endemic species of plants and animals that are found only in this region. Some of the endemic species found in the reserve include the Simlipal palm civet, Simlipal shrew, and Simlipal sal tree.

Endangered Species:
1. The reserve is also home to several endangered species, including the Bengal tiger, Indian elephant, and Indian bison. These species are at risk of extinction due to factors such as habitat loss, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict.

Extinct Species:
1. While Simlipal Tiger Reserve is known for its diverse wildlife, there have been reports of some species becoming extinct in the region. The Javan rhinoceros, which was once found in the reserve, is now considered extinct in the area due to hunting and habitat destruction.

Overall, Simlipal Tiger Reserve is a biodiversity hotspot with a mix of endemic, endangered, and extinct species. Conservation efforts are crucial to protect the remaining wildlife and ensure the long-term survival of the unique flora and fauna found in the reserve.
Google Gemini AI
Jun 19
Comparative Analysis of Biodiversity in Simlipal Tiger Reserve

Endemic Species

- Sal tree (Shorea robusta): A dominant tree species found only in the Indian subcontinent, including Simlipal.
- Simlipal squirrel (Funambulus sublineatus): A rare and endemic rodent found only in Simlipal, known for its distinctive orange-brown coloration.
- Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus): A small and elusive feline species that is endemic to the Indian subcontinent, with a presence in Simlipal.

Endangered Species

- Tiger (Panthera tigris): The apex predator of the Simlipal ecosystem, which is listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
- Asian elephant (Elephas maximus): A majestic herbivore facing threats from habitat loss and poaching.
- Gaur (Bos gaurus): A massive wild bovine that is endangered due to habitat destruction and hunting.
- Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata): A scaly mammal illegally hunted for its scales, making it an endangered species.

Extinct Species

- Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus): Once found in Simlipal, this species became extinct in the early 20th century due to excessive hunting.
- Indian aurochs (Bos primigenius namadicus): A large wild cattle species that inhabited Simlipal until the 19th century, when it became extinct due to overhunting.
- Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus): The fastest land animal, which historically ranged in Simlipal but became extinct in the 1950s due to habitat loss and hunting.

Comparative Analysis

- Endemism: Simlipal Tiger Reserve has a relatively high level of endemism, with unique species such as the Simlipal squirrel.
- Endangered Species: The tiger reserve supports a significant population of endangered species, including tigers, elephants, and gaurs.
- Extinct Species: Simlipal has experienced the loss of several species, including the Javan rhinoceros, Indian aurochs, and cheetah.
- Factors Influencing Biodiversity: The tiger reserve's high biodiversity is influenced by its diverse habitats, including forests, grasslands, and wetlands. However, it also faces threats from poaching, habitat loss, and human-wildlife conflict.
- Conservation Efforts: Conservation programs in Simlipal aim to protect its endangered species, reduce threats, and promote sustainable coexistence between humans and wildlife.

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