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Byaruhanga adam
6 days ago

Explain belief history of harambee policy in in Kenya?

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6 days ago
The Harambee policy in Kenya has its roots in the country's struggle for independence from British colonial rule. The term "Harambee" is a Swahili word that means "pulling together" or "all pull together." It was first used by the founding father of Kenya, Jomo Kenyatta, to encourage unity and cooperation among the various ethnic groups in the country.

After gaining independence in 1963, the Harambee spirit was further promoted by the government as a way to mobilize resources and promote development at the grassroots level. The policy was based on the belief that communities could come together to address their own needs and challenges through collective action and self-help initiatives.

Over the years, the Harambee policy became a central tenet of Kenya's development strategy, with government officials, community leaders, and ordinary citizens all encouraged to participate in projects and initiatives that would benefit their communities. This included fundraising efforts, volunteer work, and community development projects in areas such as education, healthcare, and infrastructure.

Despite its initial success in promoting unity and development, the Harambee policy has also faced criticism for being used as a tool for political patronage and corruption. Some critics argue that the policy has been exploited by politicians to advance their own interests and maintain power, rather than truly empowering communities and promoting sustainable development.

Overall, the belief history of the Harambee policy in Kenya is one of both unity and division, with its legacy continuing to shape the country's development efforts to this day.
Google Gemini AI
6 days ago
Origins and Development of the Harambee Policy in Kenya:

Pre-Independence Roots:

- The concept of self-help and communal effort has a long history in Kenyan society.
- Traditional practices such as "minga" (collective work) demonstrated the value of community cooperation.
- During the colonial period, Kenyans faced economic and social challenges that instilled a sense of self-reliance.

Independence Era (1963-1978):

- After independence, President Jomo Kenyatta emphasized self-help and community development as cornerstones of nation-building.
- The harambee spirit (meaning "pull together") became a rallying cry for collective action.
- Kenyans organized numerous harambee fundraising events to support schools, hospitals, churches, and other community projects.

Moi Era (1978-2002):

- President Daniel arap Moi further embraced the harambee policy and made it an official government program.
- The government allocated resources to support harambee initiatives and encouraged citizens to participate actively.
- Harambee became a widespread form of local governance and development.

Key Features of the Harambee Policy:

- Self-Help: Communities were expected to identify their development needs and mobilize resources to address them.
- Community Involvement: Harambee projects involved extensive community participation, from planning to implementation.
- Government Support: The government provided technical and financial assistance to harambee initiatives, but the primary responsibility rested with the local community.
- Voluntary Contributions: Kenyans were encouraged to contribute both labor and financial resources to harambee projects.
- Accountability: Community leaders were accountable for managing harambee funds and ensuring the successful completion of projects.

Impact of Harambee Policy:

- Positive Impacts:
- Promoted community cohesion and self-reliance.
- Contributed to the development of infrastructure and social services in rural areas.
- Empowered local communities to address their own challenges.
- Negative Impacts:
- Sometimes diverted resources from government-funded programs.
- Could lead to competition and rivalry between communities.
- Potential for corruption and misuse of funds.

Post-Moi Era (2002-Present):

- After the Moi era, the harambee policy continued to be implemented, but its role became less prominent.
- The government shifted focus to more centralized, state-led development programs.
- However, the spirit of harambee remains an important aspect of Kenyan society, particularly in community-based initiatives.

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