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Apr 14

Explain six (6) causes of Ngoni Migration ?

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Apr 14
1. Pressure from neighboring tribes: The Ngoni people were originally part of the Zulu kingdom in present-day South Africa. However, conflicts and pressure from neighboring tribes, such as the Boers and the British, forced them to migrate northwards in search of safer and more fertile lands.

2. Drought and famine: Environmental factors such as drought and famine also played a significant role in the Ngoni migration. These natural disasters made it difficult for the Ngoni people to sustain themselves and their livestock, prompting them to move to areas with better resources.

3. Population growth: As the Ngoni population grew, the existing lands became overcrowded and resources became scarce. This led to internal conflicts and competition for resources, prompting the Ngoni to migrate in search of new lands to settle.

4. Desire for expansion and conquest: The Ngoni people were known for their warrior culture and desire for expansion and conquest. They often engaged in raids and battles with neighboring tribes to acquire more land and resources, which also contributed to their migration.

5. Political instability: Political instability within the Zulu kingdom and other neighboring tribes also played a role in the Ngoni migration. Disputes over leadership and succession often led to internal conflicts and power struggles, prompting some Ngoni groups to migrate to escape the turmoil.

6. Trade and economic opportunities: The Ngoni people were skilled traders and often sought out new economic opportunities through trade with other tribes and communities. This desire for economic prosperity also motivated their migration to new areas where they could establish trade networks and alliances.

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