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Apr 13

Explain triglyceride lipolysis (degradation)?

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Apr 13
Triglyceride lipolysis is the process by which triglycerides, which are the main form of fat storage in the body, are broken down into their component parts of glycerol and fatty acids. This process is important for providing energy to the body during times of fasting or exercise.

The process of triglyceride lipolysis is initiated by hormones such as epinephrine and glucagon, which signal the body to break down stored fat for energy. These hormones bind to receptors on fat cells, activating an enzyme called hormone-sensitive lipase.

Hormone-sensitive lipase then breaks down triglycerides into glycerol and fatty acids. Glycerol can be used by the liver for energy production, while fatty acids are released into the bloodstream and taken up by other tissues such as muscle cells to be used as fuel.

Triglyceride lipolysis is a tightly regulated process, as excessive breakdown of fat can lead to metabolic disorders such as obesity and insulin resistance. However, when properly regulated, triglyceride lipolysis is an important mechanism for providing energy to the body during times of need.

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