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Apr 14

Explain Zulu expansion ?

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Apr 14
Zulu expansion refers to the period in the early 19th century when the Zulu Kingdom, under the leadership of King Shaka, rapidly expanded its territory and influence in southern Africa. This expansion was characterized by military conquests, alliances with neighboring tribes, and the establishment of a centralized and powerful state.

King Shaka is credited with transforming the Zulu military into a formidable force through innovative tactics and organization. He introduced new weapons, such as the short stabbing spear known as the iklwa, and implemented strict discipline and training methods. This enabled the Zulu army to defeat larger and more established tribes, such as the Ndwandwe and the Mthethwa, and expand their territory.

The Zulu expansion also involved the assimilation of conquered peoples into the Zulu Kingdom through a system of tribute and vassalage. This allowed the Zulus to increase their population and resources, further strengthening their position in the region.

By the time of Shaka's death in 1828, the Zulu Kingdom had become one of the most powerful and influential states in southern Africa. However, internal power struggles and external pressures from European colonial powers eventually led to the decline of the Zulu Kingdom in the late 19th century.

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