> #research-methods , #education > Give literature review and research plan on a topic for the research proposal factors contributing to poor academic performance ?
Opiro Vincent
more than 4 weeks ago

Give literature review and research plan on a topic for the research proposal factors contributing to poor academic performance ?

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more than 4 weeks ago
Literature Review:

Factors contributing to poor academic performance among students have been widely studied in the field of education. Several studies have identified various factors that can impact a student's academic performance, including socio-economic status, family background, motivation, study habits, and mental health issues.

One study by Sirin (2005) found that students from low socio-economic backgrounds tend to have lower academic achievement compared to their peers from higher socio-economic backgrounds. This is often attributed to limited access to resources such as tutoring, educational materials, and extracurricular activities.

Another study by Duckworth et al. (2007) highlighted the importance of motivation in academic performance. Students who are intrinsically motivated to learn and succeed tend to perform better academically compared to those who lack motivation or have extrinsic motivations.

Furthermore, research by Hattie (2009) emphasized the role of study habits in academic success. Effective study habits, such as time management, organization, and active learning strategies, have been shown to positively impact academic performance.

Research Plan:

The proposed research aims to investigate the factors contributing to poor academic performance among high school students. The study will utilize a mixed-methods approach, combining quantitative surveys and qualitative interviews to gather data from a sample of high school students.

The research plan includes the following steps:

1. Sampling: A random sample of high school students will be selected from different schools to ensure diversity in socio-economic backgrounds, academic performance, and other relevant factors.

2. Data Collection: Quantitative surveys will be administered to assess students' socio-economic status, motivation, study habits, and mental health. Qualitative interviews will be conducted to gather in-depth insights into the students' experiences and perspectives on academic performance.

3. Data Analysis: Quantitative data will be analyzed using statistical methods to identify correlations between different factors and academic performance. Qualitative data will be analyzed thematically to uncover common themes and patterns in students' narratives.

4. Findings: The research findings will be presented in a comprehensive report, highlighting the key factors contributing to poor academic performance among high school students. Recommendations for interventions and support strategies will be provided based on the research findings.

Overall, this research proposal aims to contribute to the existing literature on factors influencing academic performance and provide insights for educators, policymakers, and other stakeholders to support students in achieving academic success.
Google Gemini AI
more than 4 weeks ago
Literature Review

Academic performance is a critical indicator of student success and future well-being. However, numerous factors can contribute to poor academic performance, impacting students' educational outcomes and overall life experiences. This literature review aims to explore the key factors contributing to poor academic performance and their implications.

Socioeconomic Factors
- Poverty: Students from underprivileged families face challenges in accessing quality education, study materials, and adequate nutrition.
- Home environment: Unstable or impoverished home environments can create distractions and stress, disrupting learning and concentration.
- Community factors: Lack of access to educational resources, after-school programs, and role models in disadvantaged communities can hinder academic progress.

Cognitive Factors
- Learning disabilities: Students with learning disabilities, such as dyslexia or dyscalculia, may struggle with specific academic skills, making learning challenging.
- Cognitive processing difficulties: Issues with attention, memory, or executive function can impede students' ability to acquire, retain, and apply knowledge effectively.
- Mental health: Conditions such as anxiety, depression, or ADHD can interfere with concentration, motivation, and overall academic functioning.

Educational Factors
- Instructional quality: Ineffective teaching methods, lack of engagement, and a negative classroom climate can demotivate students and hinder their learning.
- Curriculum relevance: Programs that are not aligned with students' interests, abilities, or career goals can result in disengagement and poor performance.
- Student engagement: Students who lack interest or motivation in their studies are less likely to apply themselves and achieve academic success.

Behavioral Factors
- Absenteeism: Chronic absence from school significantly disrupts learning and makes it difficult to catch up with missed material.
- Misbehavior: Disruptive behaviors in the classroom, such as talking excessively or acting out, can not only disrupt the learning process but also result indisciplinary consequences.
- Substance use: Substance abuse can impair cognitive function, motivation, and overall academic performance.

Family and Peer Factors
- Parental involvement: Lack of parental support, encouragement, and monitoring can have a negative impact on students' academic aspirations and outcomes.
- Peer influence: Negative peer pressure and involvement in unhealthy social networks can steer students away from positive academic behaviors.


- Poor academic performance can lead to social inequality, low employment prospects, and health disparities.
- Understanding the contributing factors is crucial for developing targeted interventions and support systems.
- Addressing these factors requires a comprehensive approach involving multiple stakeholders, including educators, families, and communities.

Research Plan

Research Question
What are the most significant factors contributing to poor academic performance in secondary school students in a disadvantaged community?

To identify and analyze the factors associated with poor academic performance among secondary school students in a disadvantaged community.

- Mixed-methods approach: Quantitative survey to collect data on student demographics, academic performance, and perceived factors contributing to poor performance. Qualitative interviews to explore students' lived experiences and perspectives.
- Targeted sample: 150 secondary school students from a disadvantaged community with low academic performance.
- Data collection instruments: Survey questionnaire, interview guide, and focus group transcripts.
- Data analysis: Quantitative analysis using descriptive and inferential statistics. Qualitative analysis using thematic coding and interpretation.

Expected Outcomes
- Identification of the most prevalent factors contributing to poor academic performance in the target population.
- Understanding the interaction between different factors and their impact on academic outcomes.
- Recommendations for targeted interventions and support programs to address identified factors and improve academic performance.

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