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Vrushali Khadse
Nov 30, 2023

Hormones and functions of pancreas?

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Nov 30, 2023
The pancreas is an important organ in the body that plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health. It produces and releases several hormones, including insulin and glucagon, which are involved in regulating blood sugar levels.

Insulin is a hormone that helps control the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood. It allows cells in the body to take in glucose from the bloodstream and use it as a source of energy. Insulin also helps store excess glucose in the liver for later use. Without insulin, glucose cannot enter the cells, leading to high blood sugar levels, a condition known as diabetes.

Glucagon is another hormone produced by the pancreas that has the opposite effect of insulin. It raises blood sugar levels by stimulating the liver to convert stored glycogen into glucose and release it into the bloodstream. Glucagon is released when blood sugar levels are low, such as during fasting or between meals, to ensure a steady supply of glucose for the body's energy needs.

In addition to insulin and glucagon, the pancreas also produces other hormones such as somatostatin and pancreatic polypeptide. Somatostatin helps regulate the release of insulin and glucagon, as well as other digestive hormones. Pancreatic polypeptide is involved in regulating pancreatic enzyme secretion and appetite.

Overall, the hormones produced by the pancreas play a vital role in maintaining proper blood sugar levels and ensuring the body has a constant supply of energy. Dysfunction of the pancreas, such as in conditions like diabetes, can lead to imbalances in these hormones and result in serious health complications.

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