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Mar 7

How does gastoesophageal reflux lead to neonatal apnea?

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Mar 7
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) can lead to neonatal apnea through several mechanisms:

1. Aspiration: When stomach contents reflux into the esophagus and then into the airway, it can be aspirated into the lungs. This can lead to irritation of the airway and trigger apnea episodes.

2. Irritation of the vagus nerve: GER can irritate the vagus nerve, which plays a role in regulating breathing. This irritation can lead to changes in breathing patterns, including apnea.

3. Increased intra-abdominal pressure: GER can cause an increase in intra-abdominal pressure, which can affect the diaphragm and lead to breathing difficulties, including apnea.

4. Reflex responses: GER can trigger reflex responses in the respiratory system, leading to apnea episodes.

Overall, GER can lead to neonatal apnea by causing irritation and dysfunction in the respiratory system, as well as by triggering reflex responses that affect breathing patterns.

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