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Mar 6

How does infection lead to apnea in neonates?

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Mar 6
Infection can lead to apnea in neonates through several mechanisms:

1. Inflammation: Infection can cause inflammation in the respiratory tract, leading to swelling and obstruction of the airways. This can result in difficulty breathing and apnea.

2. Increased mucus production: In response to infection, the body may produce excess mucus in the respiratory tract. This can block the airways and interfere with breathing, potentially leading to apnea.

3. Respiratory muscle weakness: Infection can cause weakness in the respiratory muscles, making it difficult for the neonate to breathe effectively. This can result in apnea episodes.

4. Central nervous system involvement: In some cases, infection can affect the central nervous system, including the areas of the brain that control breathing. This can disrupt the normal breathing pattern and lead to apnea.

Overall, infection can impair the respiratory function in neonates, leading to apnea episodes. It is important for healthcare providers to monitor neonates with infections closely and provide appropriate treatment to prevent complications such as apnea.

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