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Tumwine Godfrey
Feb 28

How does living organisms affect the soil?

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Feb 28
Living organisms play a crucial role in shaping and maintaining the health of soil. They can affect the soil in various ways, including:

1. Decomposition: Organisms such as bacteria, fungi, and earthworms break down organic matter in the soil, releasing nutrients that are essential for plant growth.

2. Nutrient cycling: Soil organisms help to cycle nutrients through the soil, making them available for plants to use. For example, nitrogen-fixing bacteria convert atmospheric nitrogen into a form that plants can absorb.

3. Soil structure: Soil organisms, particularly earthworms and other burrowing animals, help to improve soil structure by aerating the soil and creating channels for water and air to penetrate.

4. Soil fertility: Many organisms, such as mycorrhizal fungi, form symbiotic relationships with plants, helping them to absorb nutrients more efficiently and enhancing their growth.

5. Pest control: Predatory organisms such as nematodes and predatory mites help to control populations of harmful pests in the soil, reducing the need for chemical pesticides.

Overall, living organisms play a vital role in maintaining the health and fertility of soil, making it essential to protect and promote biodiversity in soil ecosystems.

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