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Nov 13, 2023

How does modernization theory in development develop relationships among countries?


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Nov 13, 2023
Modernization theory in development suggests that countries can achieve economic and social progress by adopting modern practices and institutions. It emphasizes the importance of industrialization, technological advancements, and Western values and institutions in driving development.

In terms of relationships among countries, modernization theory has several implications:

1. Dependency on developed countries: Modernization theory suggests that developing countries need to adopt Western practices and technologies to achieve development. This often leads to a dependency on developed countries for knowledge, technology, and investment. Developed countries become the source of expertise and resources, creating a relationship of dependency between the two.

2. Aid and assistance: Developed countries often provide aid and assistance to developing countries based on modernization theory. They may offer financial aid, technical expertise, and capacity-building programs to help developing countries modernize their economies and institutions. This creates a relationship of donor and recipient, with developed countries playing a guiding role in the development process.

3. Trade and investment: Modernization theory promotes the idea that developing countries should open up their economies to international trade and investment. This leads to increased economic interactions and relationships between countries. Developed countries often become major trading partners and investors in developing countries, creating economic interdependence and relationships based on trade and investment.

4. Cultural influence: Modernization theory also emphasizes the adoption of Western values, norms, and institutions. This can lead to cultural influence and the spread of Western ideas and practices to developing countries. As a result, relationships between countries may involve cultural exchanges, the adoption of Western cultural elements, and the diffusion of Western cultural influence.

5. Power dynamics: Modernization theory often reinforces power dynamics between developed and developing countries. Developed countries are seen as the models of development, while developing countries are viewed as needing to catch up. This can create relationships of dominance and subordination, with developed countries exerting influence and control over the development process in developing countries.

Overall, modernization theory in development shapes relationships among countries by creating dependencies, promoting aid and assistance, encouraging trade and investment, influencing cultures, and reinforcing power dynamics.
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