1. Dental mirror: This instrument is used to visualize and examine the teeth, gums, and other intraoral structures. It has a small, angled mirror attached to a handle, allowing the dentist to see areas that are difficult to reach.
2. Dental explorer: Also known as a dental probe, this instrument is used to detect dental caries (cavities), calculus (tartar), and other abnormalities in the teeth and gums. It has a thin, pointed tip that can be gently inserted into the pockets around the teeth.
3. Periodontal probe: This instrument is specifically designed to measure the depth of the gum pockets around the teeth. It has markings on the tip that indicate the depth in millimeters, helping the dentist assess the health of the gums and diagnose periodontal disease.
4. Dental tweezers: These small, handheld instruments are used to handle and manipulate various dental materials during an intraoral examination. They can be used to place cotton rolls, remove debris, or hold small objects in the mouth.
5. Saliva ejector: Although not a traditional instrument, the saliva ejector is an essential tool used during intraoral examinations. It is a small, suction device that helps remove saliva and excess fluids from the mouth, ensuring a clear field of view for the dentist.