1) The motherboard serves as the central hub of a computer system, connecting and coordinating all the different components. It provides the electrical connections and pathways for communication between the CPU, RAM, storage devices, graphics card, and other peripherals. It ensures that data and instructions can flow smoothly between these components, allowing them to work together effectively.
2) The motherboard also houses the BIOS (Basic Input/Output System), which is responsible for initializing and configuring the hardware components during the boot-up process. The BIOS provides the necessary instructions for the computer to start up and load the operating system. It also allows users to access and modify system settings, such as the boot order, CPU clock speed, and memory timings.