> #dependency-theory , #development > In explaining the future of Tanzania`s development, understanding the arguments posed by Dependency theorists is critical? ".discuss?
Anonymous
Dec 6, 2023

In explaining the future of Tanzania`s development, understanding the arguments posed by Dependency theorists is critical? ".discuss?

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Dec 6, 2023
Dependency theory is a sociopolitical theory that suggests that the economic development of a country is influenced by its relationship with more powerful, developed nations. According to dependency theorists, underdeveloped countries like Tanzania are dependent on developed countries for resources, technology, and markets, which perpetuates their underdevelopment.

Understanding the arguments posed by dependency theorists is critical in discussing the future of Tanzania's development because it provides a different perspective on the country's economic growth and challenges. Dependency theorists argue that the global economic system is inherently unequal, with developed countries exploiting underdeveloped ones for their resources and cheap labor. This exploitation, they argue, hinders the development of underdeveloped countries like Tanzania.

Dependency theorists highlight several key arguments that are relevant to understanding Tanzania's development:

1. Unequal trade relations: Dependency theorists argue that underdeveloped countries are forced to export raw materials and agricultural products to developed countries at low prices, while importing manufactured goods at high prices. This unequal trade relationship perpetuates the underdevelopment of countries like Tanzania, as they are unable to develop their own industries and add value to their exports.

2. Technological dependence: Dependency theorists argue that underdeveloped countries are dependent on developed countries for technology and expertise. This dependence limits their ability to innovate and develop their own industries, as they rely on technology transfers from developed countries. This technological dependence can hinder Tanzania's long-term development prospects.

3. Capital flight: Dependency theorists argue that multinational corporations and wealthy individuals from developed countries often exploit underdeveloped countries like Tanzania for their resources, but repatriate the profits back to their home countries. This capital flight deprives underdeveloped countries of the necessary capital for investment in infrastructure, education, and healthcare, further hindering their development.

4. Limited policy autonomy: Dependency theorists argue that underdeveloped countries are often pressured by developed countries and international financial institutions to adopt policies that benefit the interests of the developed world, rather than their own development needs. This limited policy autonomy can hinder Tanzania's ability to implement policies that promote sustainable development and address the needs of its population.

Understanding these arguments is critical in discussing the future of Tanzania's development because it highlights the structural challenges and inequalities that the country faces. It emphasizes the need for Tanzania to address these dependencies and work towards a more equitable global economic system. By understanding the arguments posed by dependency theorists, policymakers and stakeholders can develop strategies that promote self-reliance, diversification of the economy, and equitable trade relations to foster sustainable development in Tanzania.
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