The types of intellectual property rights mentioned are:
1. Copyright: This protects original works of authorship such as literary, artistic, musical, and dramatic works. It gives the creator exclusive rights to reproduce, distribute, display, and perform their work.
2. Patent: A patent grants exclusive rights to inventors for their inventions, providing them with the right to exclude others from making, using, selling, or importing their invention for a limited period of time.
3. Trademark: A trademark is a distinctive sign, symbol, or logo that identifies and distinguishes the source of goods or services from those of others. It provides exclusive rights to the owner and helps consumers identify and associate products with a particular brand.
4. Geographical Indication: A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. It protects the reputation and quality associated with products originating from a specific region.
5. Traditional Knowledge: Traditional knowledge refers to the knowledge, innovations, and practices of indigenous and local communities. It includes knowledge about agriculture, medicine, biodiversity, and other traditional practices. Protection of traditional knowledge aims to prevent unauthorized use and exploitation by others.