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Mar 5

List complications of neonatal apnea?

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Mar 5
1. Hypoxemia: Lack of oxygen in the blood can lead to tissue damage and organ dysfunction.

2. Bradycardia: Slow heart rate can result in decreased blood flow to vital organs.

3. Hypotension: Low blood pressure can impair organ perfusion and lead to organ failure.

4. Cerebral hypoxia: Lack of oxygen to the brain can result in brain damage and neurological deficits.

5. Seizures: Lack of oxygen to the brain can trigger seizures in newborns with apnea.

6. Pulmonary hypertension: Persistent apnea can lead to increased pressure in the blood vessels of the lungs, causing strain on the heart.

7. Developmental delays: Prolonged apnea episodes can affect the development of the newborn's brain and nervous system.

8. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): Infants with a history of apnea are at a higher risk of SIDS, especially if the apnea is not properly managed.

9. Long-term respiratory issues: Neonatal apnea can lead to chronic respiratory problems such as asthma or bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

10. Neurodevelopmental disabilities: Severe and prolonged apnea episodes can result in long-term cognitive and physical disabilities in the newborn.

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