In recent years, both Peru and Bangladesh have experienced political challenges that have led to a state of near crisis for their respective political parties. These challenges have been observed in established democracies as well as in nascent multiparty systems. Let's discuss these two countries in detail:
Peru has a long history of political instability and corruption, which has significantly impacted its political parties. In recent years, several major political parties in Peru have faced internal divisions, corruption scandals, and a loss of public trust. For example, the Popular Force party, led by Keiko Fujimori, has been embroiled in corruption allegations, leading to the imprisonment of its leader and a decline in its popularity.
Moreover, the country has witnessed a series of political crises, including the impeachment of former President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski in 2018 and the subsequent resignation of his successor, Martin Vizcarra, in 2020. These events have further eroded public confidence in political parties and the overall democratic system.
Bangladesh, despite being a relatively young democracy, has also faced challenges with its political parties. The country has a history of political polarization between the two major parties, the Awami League and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). This polarization has often led to violent clashes, strikes, and protests, creating a sense of crisis within the political landscape.
The BNP, in particular, has faced significant challenges in recent years. Its leader, Khaleda Zia, was convicted of corruption charges in 2018, leading to internal divisions and a decline in the party's popularity. The party has also accused the ruling Awami League of suppressing opposition voices and manipulating the electoral process, further exacerbating the crisis within the political system.
In both Peru and Bangladesh, the near crisis state of political parties can be attributed to various factors. These include corruption, internal divisions, lack of transparency, and a failure to address the needs and aspirations of the general population. Additionally, the absence of strong institutional frameworks and a culture of accountability has contributed to the deterioration of political parties in these countries.
In conclusion, both Peru and Bangladesh exemplify the state of near crisis that many political parties face in established democracies and nascent multiparty systems. The challenges they encounter, such as corruption, internal divisions, and a loss of public trust, highlight the urgent need for political reforms and the strengthening of democratic institutions to ensure the stability and effectiveness of political parties.