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Jan 15

# meaning causes mode of transmission major sign and symptoms treatment and prevention of graves disease?

Endocrine disorders?
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Jan 15
Graves' disease is an autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland, leading to the overproduction of thyroid hormones. Here is a breakdown of its meaning, causes, mode of transmission, major signs and symptoms, treatment, and prevention:

Meaning: Graves' disease is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by the overactivity of the thyroid gland, resulting in hyperthyroidism.

Causes: The exact cause of Graves' disease is unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It is more common in women and tends to run in families.

Mode of transmission: Graves' disease is not contagious and cannot be transmitted from person to person. It is an autoimmune disorder, meaning the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland.

Major signs and symptoms: The most common signs and symptoms of Graves' disease include:

1. Hyperthyroidism: Increased metabolism, weight loss, rapid heartbeat, sweating, and heat intolerance.
2. Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter): Visible swelling in the neck.
3. Eye problems (Graves' ophthalmopathy): Bulging eyes, redness, dryness, double vision, and sensitivity to light.
4. Skin changes: Thickening and reddening of the skin, particularly on the shins and tops of the feet.
5. Nervousness, irritability, anxiety, and difficulty sleeping.

Treatment: The treatment options for Graves' disease include:

1. Medications: Antithyroid drugs (such as methimazole or propylthiouracil) to reduce the production of thyroid hormones.
2. Radioactive iodine therapy: A radioactive iodine pill is taken orally, which destroys the overactive thyroid cells.
3. Surgery: Surgical removal of the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy) may be recommended in certain cases.
4. Beta-blockers: Medications to manage symptoms like rapid heartbeat and tremors.

Prevention: There is no known way to prevent Graves' disease. However, early detection and treatment can help manage the symptoms and prevent complications. Regular check-ups and monitoring of thyroid function are important, especially for individuals with a family history of the disease.

It is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis, personalized treatment plan, and further information on Graves' disease.

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