> #evolution , #management , #thought > Notes on the topic "THE EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT THOUGHT" ?
Nov 3, 2023


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Nov 3, 2023
- The evolution of management thought refers to the development and changes in theories and concepts related to management over time.
- The classical management theory, which emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, focused on principles of scientific management and bureaucratic organizations. Key contributors to this theory include Frederick Taylor, Henri Fayol, and Max Weber.
- Scientific management, developed by Frederick Taylor, emphasized the use of scientific methods to improve efficiency and productivity in the workplace. It introduced concepts such as time and motion studies and the division of labor.
- Henri Fayol's administrative theory focused on the principles of management, including planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating, and controlling. He believed that management principles could be applied universally to any organization.
- Max Weber's bureaucratic theory emphasized the importance of a hierarchical structure, clear division of labor, and adherence to rules and procedures in organizations. He believed that bureaucracy was the most efficient and rational form of organization.
- The human relations movement, which emerged in the 1930s, challenged the classical management theories by emphasizing the importance of employee satisfaction and motivation. Key contributors to this movement include Elton Mayo and Abraham Maslow.
- Elton Mayo's Hawthorne studies highlighted the significance of social factors and employee morale in productivity. The studies showed that workers' productivity increased when they felt valued and supported by their supervisors.
- Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory proposed that individuals have a hierarchy of needs, ranging from physiological needs to self-actualization. He argued that managers should understand and address these needs to motivate employees.
- The contingency approach to management, developed in the 1960s, recognized that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to management. It emphasized that management practices should be contingent upon the specific situation and context.
- The systems theory, which emerged in the 1950s, viewed organizations as complex systems with interrelated parts. It emphasized the importance of understanding the interactions and relationships between different components of an organization.
- The current trends in management thought include the rise of strategic management, which focuses on long-term planning and competitive advantage, and the increasing importance of ethical and sustainable management practices.
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