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Mar 11

Parts of female reproductive system and their functions?

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Mar 11
1. Ovaries: The ovaries are the primary reproductive organs in females. They produce eggs (ova) and hormones such as estrogen and progesterone.

2. Fallopian tubes: Also known as oviducts, the fallopian tubes are responsible for transporting eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. Fertilization of the egg by sperm typically occurs in the fallopian tubes.

3. Uterus: The uterus, or womb, is a muscular organ where a fertilized egg implants and develops into a fetus during pregnancy. If fertilization does not occur, the lining of the uterus is shed during menstruation.

4. Cervix: The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It produces mucus that helps sperm travel through the reproductive tract and also dilates during childbirth to allow the baby to pass through.

5. Vagina: The vagina is a muscular canal that connects the uterus to the outside of the body. It serves as the birth canal during childbirth and also allows for the passage of menstrual blood and sperm.

6. Vulva: The vulva is the external part of the female reproductive system, including the labia, clitoris, and vaginal opening. It protects the internal reproductive organs and plays a role in sexual arousal and pleasure.

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