According to realism theory, states are considered the primary actors in international relations, and their main goal is to ensure their survival and security in a world characterized by anarchy. Realism emphasizes the importance of power and self-interest in shaping state behavior.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022 can be analyzed through the lens of realism theory. The invasion can be seen as a manifestation of Russia's desire to secure its own survival and protect its interests in the region. From a realist perspective, states are driven by the pursuit of power and security, and they will take actions to ensure their own survival in a system where there is no overarching authority to enforce rules and maintain order.
Realism also highlights the role of power dynamics in shaping state behavior. In the case of the Russian invasion, Russia's military capabilities and its geopolitical interests in Ukraine played a significant role. Realists argue that states will use their power to advance their own interests and maintain their security, even if it means violating international norms or engaging in aggressive actions.
Furthermore, realism emphasizes the importance of self-interest and the pursuit of national interest. Realists argue that states are rational actors that prioritize their own survival and security over other considerations. In the case of the Russian invasion, Russia's actions can be seen as driven by its perception of Ukraine as a strategic buffer zone and its desire to maintain influence in the region.
In conclusion, the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022 can be understood through the lens of realism theory. Realism highlights the importance of power, self-interest, and the pursuit of survival and security in shaping state behavior. The invasion can be seen as a manifestation of Russia's desire to secure its own interests and maintain its power in a fragile and anarchic international system.