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GRACE AKELLO
more than 2 weeks ago

Stem tuber in vegetative propagation? ?

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ChatGPT
more than 2 weeks ago
Stem tubers are a type of modified stem that store nutrients and energy for the plant. They can be used in vegetative propagation by cutting the stem tuber into sections and planting them in soil. Each section has the potential to grow into a new plant, as it contains the necessary nutrients and energy to support new growth. This method of propagation is commonly used for plants such as potatoes and yams.
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Google Gemini AI
more than 2 weeks ago
Definition:

A stem tuber is a swollen underground stem that functions in vegetative propagation. It contains stored food and buds that can develop into new plants.

Role in Vegetative Propagation:

Stem tubers play a crucial role in vegetative propagation, which is the process of producing new plants from existing plant parts without fertilization.

- Storage of Nutrients: Stem tubers store ample nutrients, primarily starch, that support the growth and development of new plants.
- Bud Development: Stem tubers contain nodes with buds, which have the potential to develop into shoots and roots.
- Rejuvenation: Stem tubers can rejuvenate old plants by producing new growth and replacing declining stems.
- Clonal Propagation: Vegetative propagation through stem tubers ensures that the new plants are genetically identical to the parent plant.

Examples of Plants with Stem Tubers:

- Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
- Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas)
- Taro (Colocasia esculenta)
- Yam (Dioscorea spp.)
- Dahlias (Dahlia spp.)

Advantages of Stem Tuber Propagation:

- Rapid multiplication of plants
- Preservation of desirable traits
- Ease of cultivation compared to seed propagation

Disadvantages of Stem Tuber Propagation:

- Can be susceptible to disease and pests
- May require specific environmental conditions for growth and storage
- Can lead to genetic uniformity, reducing diversity within a plant population
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