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Bukirwa Harriet
Apr 17

The nature of the french government led to the french revolution discuss ?

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Apr 17
The French government prior to the revolution was an absolute monarchy, with power concentrated in the hands of the king. This system of government was deeply unpopular among the French people, as it was seen as oppressive, corrupt, and out of touch with the needs and desires of the population.

The French government was also characterized by a rigid social hierarchy, with the nobility and clergy enjoying privileges and exemptions from taxes, while the common people bore the burden of heavy taxation and economic hardship. This inequality and injustice fueled resentment and anger among the lower classes, who were increasingly frustrated with their lack of political representation and voice in government.

Furthermore, the French government was plagued by financial mismanagement and inefficiency, leading to economic crises and widespread poverty. The government's inability to address these issues and its resistance to reform only served to exacerbate tensions and fuel the flames of revolution.

In summary, the nature of the French government prior to the revolution was characterized by authoritarianism, inequality, and incompetence, all of which contributed to the widespread discontent and ultimately led to the outbreak of the French Revolution.
Google Gemini AI
Apr 17
Nature of the French Government Prior to the Revolution:

The French government before the revolution was an absolute monarchy, with the king holding supreme power. Key features included:

- Divine Right of Kings: The monarch was believed to rule by divine right, making them accountable only to God.
- Centralized Power: The king wielded absolute authority, controlling all aspects of government, including legislation, administration, and justice.
- Inherited Nobility: The nobility was a privileged class, holding titles and lands that were passed down through generations. They enjoyed legal and social advantages over commoners.
- Clergy: The Catholic Church held significant influence, controlling vast wealth and education. The clergy were exempt from taxation and enjoyed special privileges.
- Estates System: Society was divided into three estates: the nobility, the clergy, and the third estate (commoners, including peasants, artisans, and merchants). The first two estates held disproportionate power and influence.

How the Nature of Government Contributed to the Revolution:

- Political Oppression: The absolute monarchy stifled political participation and dissent. The third estate had no say in government, while the nobility and clergy maintained their privileges at their expense.
- Economic Inequality: The estates system created a vast economic gap between the privileged few and the impoverished masses. Peasants were burdened with heavy taxes and feudal dues.
- Enlightenment Ideas: The Enlightenment emphasized reason, individual rights, and the social contract. These ideas inspired the third estate to question the divine right of kings and the legitimacy of the existing social order.
- Financial Crisis: The French government faced a severe financial crisis due to excessive spending and inefficient taxation. This led to increased taxes and further hardship for the third estate.
- Weak Leadership: King Louis XVI was a well-intentioned but indecisive monarch, unable to reform the government or quell the growing unrest.


The nature of the French government, characterized by absolute monarchy, political oppression, economic inequality, and financial crisis, created a fertile ground for the French Revolution. The rising aspirations of the third estate, combined with Enlightenment ideals, eventually led to the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of a more democratic and egalitarian society.

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