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Anonymous
more than 4 weeks ago

Using appropriate examples, discuss the use of transgenic plants transformed for disease resistance?

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ChatGPT
more than 4 weeks ago
Transgenic plants transformed for disease resistance have been developed to combat various plant diseases that can significantly impact crop yields. One example of this is the development of genetically modified (GM) papaya plants that are resistant to the papaya ringspot virus (PRSV). PRSV is a devastating disease that can cause up to 100% yield loss in papaya crops. By introducing a gene from the virus itself into the papaya plant, scientists have been able to create transgenic papaya plants that are resistant to PRSV.

Another example is the development of GM corn plants that are resistant to corn borer insects. Corn borers are a major pest that can cause significant damage to corn crops, leading to reduced yields and economic losses for farmers. By introducing a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) into corn plants, scientists have created transgenic corn plants that produce a protein toxic to corn borers. This has allowed farmers to reduce the use of chemical pesticides and protect their crops from insect damage.

Overall, transgenic plants transformed for disease resistance offer a sustainable and environmentally friendly solution to combat plant diseases and pests, ultimately leading to increased crop yields and food security. However, it is important to consider the potential risks and ethical implications of using genetically modified organisms in agriculture.
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Google Gemini AI
more than 4 weeks ago
Transgenic Plants for Disease Resistance

Transgenic plants transformed for disease resistance have been developed to confer protection against specific pathogens, thereby improving crop productivity and reducing the need for chemical control measures. Some examples of transgenic plants with enhanced disease resistance include:

1. Virus-Resistant Crops

- Tomato plants: Transgenic tomato plants expressing the coat protein gene of the Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) exhibit resistance to the virus, preventing significant yield losses.
- Papaya plants: Papaya plants transformed with the coat protein gene of the Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) have reduced susceptibility to the virus, revitalizing the industry in Hawaii.

2. Bacterial and Fungal Disease Resistance

- Rice plants: Rice plants expressing a chitinase gene have enhanced resistance to blast disease, caused by the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae.
- Potato plants: Transgenic potato plants producing an antimicrobial protein have increased resistance to late blight, caused by the fungus Phytophthora infestans.
- Cotton plants: Cotton plants expressing a protein from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) exhibit resistance to bollworms and other insect pests, reducing the need for chemical insecticides.

3. Nematode-Resistant Crops

- Soybean plants: Soybean plants transformed with a gene encoding a cysteine protease inhibitor have resistance to soybean cyst nematode, a major yield-limiting pest.
- Wheat plants: Wheat plants expressing a protein from the bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens have enhanced resistance to root-knot nematodes.

Benefits of Transgenic Disease-Resistant Plants:

- Reduced crop losses due to disease, improving food security and economic stability.
- Decreased reliance on chemical pesticides, minimizing environmental pollution and human health risks.
- Improved crop quality, leading to higher market value and consumer acceptance.
- Reduced production costs, making agriculture more sustainable.

Challenges and Considerations:

- Concerns about gene flow and potential risks to biodiversity.
- Development of pathogen resistance over time.
- Regulatory and public acceptance issues.

Despite these challenges, transgenic plants transformed for disease resistance offer significant benefits in addressing global food security and environmental concerns. Ongoing research and monitoring are essential to ensure the responsible and sustainable use of genetically modified crops.
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