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more than 2 weeks ago

What are measure ,post harvvest technology on cassava??

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more than 2 weeks ago
Measures and post-harvest technologies for cassava include:

1. Proper harvesting techniques: Harvesting cassava at the right time and using appropriate tools to minimize damage to the roots.

2. Storage facilities: Providing proper storage facilities such as well-ventilated warehouses or silos to prevent spoilage and maintain quality.

3. Drying techniques: Drying cassava roots properly to reduce moisture content and prevent mold growth.

4. Processing equipment: Using modern processing equipment such as graters, presses, and dryers to improve efficiency and quality of cassava products.

5. Packaging and transportation: Proper packaging and transportation methods to ensure that cassava products reach the market in good condition.

6. Value addition: Adding value to cassava products through processing techniques such as fermentation, drying, and milling to increase their shelf life and market value.

7. Quality control: Implementing quality control measures to ensure that cassava products meet the required standards for consumption and export.

Overall, implementing these measures and post-harvest technologies can help improve the quality, shelf life, and marketability of cassava products, ultimately benefiting farmers and consumers.
Google Gemini AI
more than 2 weeks ago
Measures for Post-Harvest Technology on Cassava

1. Harvesting Techniques:

- Use sharp tools to avoid damaging roots and provide clean cuts.
- Harvest when the foliage turns yellow and the roots are mature (tuberous roots should be at least 10 cm in diameter and 20 cm in length).
- Avoid harvesting during rainy weather or when the ground is too wet.

2. Root Cleaning and Preparation:

- Remove excess soil, stones, and debris from roots.
- Grade roots based on size, shape, and quality.
- Trim roots to remove damaged or diseased portions.

3. Washing:

- Wash roots thoroughly with clean water to remove any remaining soil or debris.

4. Peeling and Processing:

- Manual peeling using knives or mechanical peelers.
- Chip cutting, grating, or slicing for further processing (e.g., chips, flour, starch extraction).
- Fermentation for the production of gari, fufu, and other traditional products.

5. Storage:

- Fresh cassava roots: Store in a cool, dry place with good ventilation (up to 2-3 weeks).
- Peeled or processed cassava: Store in airtight containers or vacuum-packed bags (up to 6 months).
- Cassava flour: Store in cool, dry conditions in airtight containers (up to 1 year).

6. Preservation:

- Drying: Sun drying or mechanical drying to reduce moisture content and extend shelf life.
- Freezing: Store peeled and processed cassava products in airtight bags or containers at -18°C or below.
- Chilling: Store fresh cassava roots at 10-15°C to inhibit sprouting and deterioration.

7. Packaging:

- Use clean, food-grade packaging materials to protect products from moisture, contamination, and damage.
- Packaged products should be labeled with product details and storage instructions.

8. Quality Control:

- Regularly monitor product quality for physical defects, microbial contamination, and nutritional value.
- Maintain proper storage and handling conditions to ensure quality and safety.

9. Waste Management:

- Dispose of cassava waste (e.g., peels, trimmings) properly to prevent environmental pollution and attract pests.
- Composting or bioconversion can be used to utilize waste and produce organic matter.

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