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Mar 9

What are the causes and effects of the First World War, references?

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Mar 9
The causes of the First World War are complex and multifaceted, but some of the key factors include:

1. Nationalism: The intense pride and loyalty to one's own nation led to competition and conflict between countries.

2. Imperialism: European powers were engaged in a race to acquire colonies and expand their empires, leading to tensions and rivalries.

3. Militarism: The build-up of military forces and arms race between countries created a volatile and tense atmosphere.

4. Alliances: The system of alliances between European powers meant that a conflict between two countries could quickly escalate into a larger war involving multiple nations.

5. Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand: The assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne in Sarajevo in 1914 was the immediate trigger for the outbreak of war.

The effects of the First World War were far-reaching and profound, including:

1. Loss of life: The war resulted in millions of deaths, both military and civilian, and had a devastating impact on families and communities.

2. Destruction: The war caused widespread destruction of cities, towns, and infrastructure, leaving many areas in ruins.

3. Economic impact: The war had a significant economic impact, leading to inflation, unemployment, and economic hardship in many countries.

4. Political changes: The war led to the collapse of empires, the rise of new nations, and changes in political systems and boundaries.

5. Social changes: The war had a profound impact on society, changing attitudes towards war, gender roles, and the role of government in people's lives.

Overall, the First World War had a lasting impact on the world and set the stage for the conflicts and developments of the 20th century.


1. Strachan, H. (2004). The First World War. Penguin Books.
2. Keegan, J. (1998). The First World War. Vintage.
3. Ferguson, N. (1999). The Pity of War: Explaining World War I. Basic Books.

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