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Feb 21

What are the History of Ethiopia from begining to ending?

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Feb 21
The history of Ethiopia is long and complex, dating back thousands of years. Here is a brief overview of the key events and periods in Ethiopian history:

1. Ancient Ethiopia: The earliest known civilization in Ethiopia dates back to the Aksumite Empire, which existed from around the 1st century AD to the 7th century AD. The Aksumites were known for their advanced architecture, trade networks, and adoption of Christianity.

2. Medieval Ethiopia: Following the decline of the Aksumite Empire, Ethiopia was ruled by various regional kingdoms and dynasties. One of the most notable rulers during this period was Emperor Lalibela, who is credited with building the famous rock-hewn churches of Lalibela.

3. The Solomonic Dynasty: In the 13th century, the Solomonic Dynasty was established in Ethiopia, claiming descent from the biblical King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. This dynasty would go on to rule Ethiopia for over 700 years.

4. European colonization: In the late 19th century, European powers began to colonize parts of Africa, including Ethiopia. However, Ethiopia successfully resisted colonization and remained independent, making it the only African country to do so.

5. Italian occupation: In 1935, Italy invaded Ethiopia and occupied the country for five years. The Ethiopian people fought back against the Italian forces, eventually driving them out in 1941 with the help of Allied forces during World War II.

6. Modern Ethiopia: Following the end of Italian occupation, Ethiopia went through a period of political instability and civil war. In 1974, Emperor Haile Selassie was overthrown in a military coup, leading to the establishment of a Marxist-Leninist government known as the Derg.

7. The Ethiopian Civil War: The Derg government faced opposition from various rebel groups, including the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). The civil war lasted for nearly two decades and resulted in widespread devastation and loss of life.

8. The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front: In 1991, the EPRDF overthrew the Derg government and established a new government in Ethiopia. Since then, Ethiopia has undergone significant political and economic reforms, although challenges such as ethnic tensions and human rights abuses remain.

Overall, the history of Ethiopia is characterized by its ancient civilizations, resistance to colonization, and struggles for independence and self-determination. Today, Ethiopia is a diverse and vibrant country with a rich cultural heritage and a rapidly growing economy.

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