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Dec 27, 2023

What are the objectives of Alma-Ata declaration?

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Dec 27, 2023
The objectives of the Alma-Ata Declaration, adopted at the International Conference on Primary Health Care in Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan in 1978, are as follows:

1. Universal access to primary healthcare: The declaration aimed to ensure that all individuals and communities have access to essential healthcare services, including promotive, preventive, curative, and rehabilitative care, without any discrimination.

2. Health equity: The declaration emphasized the need to reduce health disparities and achieve equity in health by addressing the social determinants of health and ensuring that healthcare services are accessible and affordable for all, regardless of their socio-economic status.

3. Community participation: The declaration recognized the importance of involving individuals, families, and communities in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of healthcare services. It emphasized the need for community participation to ensure that healthcare services are culturally appropriate and responsive to the needs of the population.

4. Intersectoral collaboration: The declaration highlighted the importance of collaboration between different sectors, such as health, education, agriculture, and social welfare, to address the underlying determinants of health and promote comprehensive and integrated healthcare services.

5. Primary healthcare as the foundation of healthcare systems: The declaration emphasized the central role of primary healthcare in achieving health for all. It called for the development of strong primary healthcare systems that are comprehensive, accessible, and affordable, and that prioritize health promotion, disease prevention, and community-based care.

6. Global cooperation: The declaration recognized the need for international cooperation and support to strengthen primary healthcare systems in developing countries. It called upon governments, international organizations, and the global community to provide technical and financial assistance to ensure the implementation of primary healthcare programs.

Overall, the Alma-Ata Declaration aimed to promote a holistic and people-centered approach to healthcare, with a focus on addressing the underlying determinants of health, promoting health equity, and ensuring universal access to essential healthcare services.
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