> #agriculture , #science , #environment > What are the physical properties of soil?
more than 4 weeks ago

What are the physical properties of soil?

1 view
1 view

1 answer

Sort By
more than 4 weeks ago
The physical properties of soil include:

1. Texture: Soil texture refers to the relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay particles in the soil. It affects the soil's ability to retain water, drain well, and support plant growth.

2. Structure: Soil structure refers to the arrangement of soil particles into aggregates or clumps. It affects the soil's porosity, permeability, and root penetration.

3. Porosity: Porosity is the measure of the empty spaces or pores in the soil. It determines the soil's ability to hold and transmit water, air, and nutrients.

4. Permeability: Permeability is the ability of soil to allow water to pass through it. It depends on the soil texture, structure, and porosity.

5. Water holding capacity: Water holding capacity is the amount of water that soil can retain against the force of gravity. It is influenced by soil texture, organic matter content, and soil structure.

6. Bulk density: Bulk density is the mass of dry soil per unit volume. It indicates the compactness or density of the soil and affects root growth and water movement.

7. Soil color: Soil color is influenced by the presence of organic matter, minerals, and moisture content. It can provide information about soil fertility, drainage, and organic matter content.

8. pH: Soil pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of the soil. It affects nutrient availability and microbial activity in the soil.

9. Cation exchange capacity (CEC): CEC is the ability of soil to retain and exchange cations (positively charged ions). It influences nutrient availability and soil fertility.

10. Organic matter content: Organic matter content refers to the amount of decomposed plant and animal material in the soil. It improves soil structure, water holding capacity, nutrient availability, and microbial activity.

These physical properties of soil play a crucial role in determining its suitability for various agricultural, horticultural, and environmental purposes.
Ask an expert
Tímea Nagy Ask
Horse trainer, Event organizer, Tour guide, Advertising organizer, Economist
Ferenc-Istvan Vigh Ask
Software engineer, Consultant

Similar Questions


© 2024 - Quanswer