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Feb 8

What is causing in the stomach ?

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Feb 8
There can be several causes for stomach issues, including:

1. Indigestion: This occurs when the stomach is unable to properly break down and digest food, leading to discomfort, bloating, and heartburn.

2. Gastritis: Inflammation of the stomach lining can be caused by factors such as infection, excessive alcohol consumption, or long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

3. Peptic ulcers: These are open sores that develop on the lining of the stomach or the upper part of the small intestine. They can be caused by infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria, long-term use of NSAIDs, or excessive acid production.

4. Gastroenteritis: Commonly known as the stomach flu, this condition is caused by a viral or bacterial infection that leads to inflammation of the stomach and intestines. It can result in symptoms like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.

5. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): This is a chronic disorder that affects the large intestine and can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea. The exact cause of IBS is unknown, but it is believed to involve a combination of factors including abnormal muscle contractions in the intestine, increased sensitivity to pain, and changes in the gut microbiome.

6. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): This occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing symptoms like heartburn, chest pain, and regurgitation. It is often caused by a weakened lower esophageal sphincter (LES) or a hiatal hernia.

It is important to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment if you are experiencing stomach issues.

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