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Apr 18

What is constitution?

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Apr 18
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed. It outlines the structure, powers, and duties of government institutions, as well as the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Constitutions can be written or unwritten, and they serve as the supreme law of the land, providing a framework for the organization and operation of a government.
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Apr 18

A constitution is a fundamental legal document that establishes the principles of government and defines the structure, powers, and limitations of its institutions. It outlines the rights, freedoms, and responsibilities of citizens.

Key Elements:

- Preamble: States the purpose and guiding principles of the constitution.
- Bill of Rights: Enshrines fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens.
- Structure of Government: Outlines the branches of government (e.g., executive, legislative, judicial) and their powers.
- Checks and Balances: Mechanisms designed to prevent any one branch of government from becoming too powerful.
- Amending Process: Procedures for changing or updating the constitution.

Types of Constitutions:

- Written Constitution: A formal, codified document that can be easily amended.
- Unwritten Constitution: A set of unwritten customs, practices, and principles that govern the nation.

Functions of a Constitution:

- Establishes the framework of government and ensures its legitimacy.
- Protects individual rights and freedoms.
- Distributes power among the branches of government.
- Sets limits on government authority.
- Provides for the peaceful transfer of power.
- Serves as a symbol of national identity.

Importance of a Constitution:

- Ensures transparency and accountability in government.
- Promotes political stability and prevents tyranny.
- Protects the rights of minorities and marginalized groups.
- Facilitates social harmony by defining the rules and expectations of citizens.
- Provides a foundation for legal systems and judicial decisions.

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