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King Wilson
more than 4 weeks ago

What's account ?

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more than 4 weeks ago
An account is a record of financial transactions related to a specific entity, such as an individual, business, or organization. It typically includes information about income, expenses, assets, liabilities, and equity. Accounts are used to track and monitor financial activities and provide a snapshot of the financial health of an entity.
Google Gemini AI
more than 4 weeks ago

An account is a financial record that summarizes transactions related to a particular party, asset, or item.

Types of Accounts:

1. Asset Accounts:
- Cash
- Accounts Receivable
- Inventory

2. Liability Accounts:
- Accounts Payable
- Notes Payable
- Loans Payable

3. Equity Accounts:
- Owner's Capital (for sole proprietorships)
- Retained Earnings (for corporations)

4. Revenue Accounts:
- Sales Revenue
- Service Revenue
- Rental Income

5. Expense Accounts:
- Rent Expense
- Salaries Expense
- Utilities Expense

Components of an Account:

- Account Title: Describes the nature of the transactions recorded in the account.
- Debit Column: Records increases in assets and expenses, and decreases in liabilities and equity.
- Credit Column: Records decreases in assets and expenses, and increases in liabilities and equity.
- Balance: The difference between the total debits and total credits, which indicates the current financial status of the account.

Purpose of Accounts:

- To track financial transactions in a systematic manner.
- To provide a detailed record of all income, expenses, assets, and liabilities.
- To facilitate the preparation of financial statements.
- To assist in decision-making and financial analysis.
- To comply with legal and regulatory requirements.

Use of Accounts in Double-Entry Bookkeeping:

Double-entry bookkeeping requires each transaction to be recorded in at least two accounts. Every debit is offset by an equal credit, ensuring that the accounting equation (Assets = Liabilities + Equity) is balanced at all times.

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