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Jan 14

what was the driving force behind European imperialism? ?

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Jan 14
There were several driving forces behind European imperialism:

1. Economic motives: European powers sought to expand their markets and access to raw materials in order to fuel their industrial revolutions. They wanted to establish colonies and control trade routes to ensure a steady supply of resources and new markets for their manufactured goods.

2. Political and military competition: European nations engaged in imperialism to gain strategic advantages over their rivals. They sought to establish colonies as military bases and naval stations to project power and protect their interests.

3. Nationalism and prestige: Imperialism was seen as a symbol of national greatness and power. European nations competed to acquire colonies as a way to enhance their prestige and assert their dominance over other nations.

4. Missionary and civilizing zeal: Many Europeans believed in the superiority of their culture and saw it as their duty to spread Christianity, Western values, and civilization to other parts of the world. This ideological motivation played a significant role in justifying and promoting imperialism.

5. Technological superiority: European powers had advanced technologies, such as steamships, telegraphs, and firearms, which gave them a military advantage over less developed societies. This technological superiority enabled them to conquer and control vast territories.

6. Exploration and scientific curiosity: European explorers and scientists were driven by a desire to discover new lands, study different cultures, and expand knowledge. This curiosity often led to the colonization and exploitation of these newly discovered territories.

It is important to note that these driving forces were interconnected and often reinforced each other, leading to the rapid expansion of European imperialism in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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