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Dec 1, 2023

With references and citations,what is technology?

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Dec 1, 2023
Technology refers to the application of scientific knowledge and tools to solve problems, improve efficiency, and enhance human capabilities. It encompasses a wide range of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the creation, development, and utilization of products, systems, and services.

1. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, technology is defined as "the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry." (Oxford English Dictionary, 2021)

2. The National Academy of Sciences defines technology as "the practical application of knowledge, especially in a particular area such as engineering, medicine, or industry." (National Academy of Sciences, 2021)

3. In his book "The Nature of Technology: What It Is and How It Evolves," W. Brian Arthur describes technology as "a means to fulfill a human purpose, to solve a human problem, or to achieve a human desire." (Arthur, 2009)

4. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) defines technology as "the set of knowledge, skills, and practices used to create, modify, and use tools, machines, and systems to solve problems and improve human life." (UNESCO, 2021)

5. In their article "Defining 'Technology' in a Digital World," authors David Nye and Trevor Pinch argue that technology is not limited to physical artifacts but also includes social and cultural practices. They state, "Technology is a complex social practice that encompasses a wide range of material objects, techniques, and knowledge systems." (Nye & Pinch, 2007)

Overall, technology can be understood as the practical application of scientific knowledge, skills, and tools to solve problems, improve efficiency, and enhance human capabilities in various domains of human activity.
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