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Nov 19, 2023

Classify cancerous process in the oral cavity?

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Nov 19, 2023
Cancerous processes in the oral cavity can be classified into several types based on the specific location and type of cells involved. Some common classifications include:

1. Squamous cell carcinoma: This is the most common type of oral cancer, accounting for about 90% of cases. It originates from the squamous cells lining the oral cavity, including the lips, tongue, gums, and inner lining of the cheeks.

2. Verrucous carcinoma: This is a subtype of squamous cell carcinoma that typically appears as a slow-growing, wart-like growth. It is less aggressive than other types of oral cancer and has a better prognosis.

3. Adenocarcinoma: This type of cancer originates from the salivary glands in the oral cavity. It can occur in various locations, such as the palate, floor of the mouth, or lips.

4. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma: This is another type of cancer that arises from the salivary glands. It is characterized by a mixture of mucous-producing and squamous cells.

5. Adenoid cystic carcinoma: This is a rare but aggressive type of cancer that primarily affects the minor salivary glands. It tends to invade nerves and can spread to distant sites.

6. Oral melanoma: Melanoma is a type of cancer that originates from melanocytes, the pigment-producing cells. In the oral cavity, it can occur on the gums, palate, or tongue.

7. Sarcoma: Sarcomas are rare malignant tumors that can develop in the connective tissues of the oral cavity, such as the muscles, bones, or blood vessels.

It is important to note that this is not an exhaustive list, and there are other less common types of oral cancer as well. The classification and treatment approach may vary depending on the specific type and stage of the cancer.

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