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Judy Massawe
Feb 13

#conducting system of the heart?

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Feb 13
The conducting system of the heart is responsible for coordinating and regulating the electrical impulses that control the heart's rhythm and contraction. It consists of specialized cells and tissues that generate and transmit electrical signals throughout the heart.

The main components of the heart's conducting system include:

1. Sinoatrial (SA) node: Located in the right atrium, the SA node is often referred to as the heart's natural pacemaker. It initiates the electrical impulses that regulate the heart's rhythm and sets the pace for the heartbeat.

2. Atrioventricular (AV) node: Located between the atria and ventricles, the AV node receives the electrical signals from the SA node and delays them slightly before transmitting them to the ventricles. This delay allows the atria to contract and fill the ventricles with blood before ventricular contraction.

3. Bundle of His: After passing through the AV node, the electrical signals travel down the bundle of His, which is a collection of specialized fibers that conduct the impulses from the AV node to the ventricles.

4. Right and left bundle branches: The bundle of His divides into two branches, known as the right and left bundle branches, which extend down the interventricular septum and transmit the electrical signals to the respective ventricles.

5. Purkinje fibers: The bundle branches further divide into smaller fibers called Purkinje fibers, which spread throughout the ventricles. These fibers rapidly transmit the electrical impulses to the ventricular muscle cells, causing coordinated and synchronized ventricular contraction.

Overall, the conducting system ensures that the electrical signals are transmitted in a specific sequence, allowing for efficient and coordinated contraction of the heart chambers. This coordinated contraction is essential for maintaining an effective pumping action and proper blood circulation throughout the body.

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