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edson sospeter
Feb 27

Describe anatomy structure of the lung???

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Feb 27
The lung is a vital organ in the respiratory system that is responsible for exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air we breathe and our bloodstream. It is divided into lobes - the right lung has three lobes (upper, middle, and lower) while the left lung has two lobes (upper and lower) to accommodate the heart.

The lung is surrounded by a double-layered membrane called the pleura, which helps protect and support the lung while allowing it to expand and contract during breathing. The outer layer of the pleura is attached to the chest wall, while the inner layer covers the lung itself.

Within the lung, there are smaller structures called bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli. The bronchi are large airways that branch off from the trachea and divide into smaller bronchioles, which eventually lead to clusters of tiny air sacs called alveoli. The alveoli are where gas exchange occurs, with oxygen from the air entering the bloodstream and carbon dioxide being released from the bloodstream into the air.

The lung is also supported by a network of blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves that help regulate blood flow, immune responses, and breathing. The diaphragm, a dome-shaped muscle located below the lungs, plays a crucial role in breathing by contracting and relaxing to create changes in air pressure within the chest cavity.

Overall, the anatomy of the lung is complex and highly specialized to efficiently carry out the essential function of respiration.

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