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edson sospeter
Dec 7, 2023

Describe coronary circulation???

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Dec 7, 2023
Coronary circulation refers to the network of blood vessels that supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscle, known as the myocardium. The heart is a highly active organ that requires a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients to function properly. Coronary circulation ensures that the heart receives this necessary blood supply.

The coronary circulation system consists of two main coronary arteries, the left and right coronary arteries, which branch off from the aorta just above the aortic valve. The left coronary artery further divides into two main branches: the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and the left circumflex artery (LCX). The right coronary artery (RCA) supplies blood to the right side of the heart.

These main coronary arteries give rise to smaller branches called arterioles, which further divide into even smaller vessels called capillaries. Capillaries are responsible for delivering oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle cells and removing waste products. After exchanging oxygen and nutrients, the deoxygenated blood is collected by small veins called venules, which merge to form larger veins known as cardiac veins.

The cardiac veins drain into the coronary sinus, a large vein located on the posterior side of the heart, which then empties into the right atrium. The deoxygenated blood is then pumped to the lungs for oxygenation through the pulmonary circulation.

Coronary circulation is regulated by various factors, including the heart's own metabolic needs, neural control, and local factors such as oxygen and carbon dioxide levels. The coronary arteries have the ability to dilate or constrict in response to these factors to ensure an adequate blood supply to the heart.

Coronary circulation can be affected by various diseases, such as coronary artery disease, which is characterized by the narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries due to the buildup of plaque. This can lead to reduced blood flow to the heart, resulting in chest pain (angina) or even a heart attack (myocardial infarction).

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